Part 2


Simon Heijdens: Lightweeds


'Living digital plants that move and grow directly along live measurements of wind, light and rain sensors placed outside the building.'

Outcome is dependent on live conditions (time and climate).

Light Projection.

Christo and Jeanne- Claude: Wrapped Trees


'Starting on Friday, November 13, 1998, 178 trees were wrapped with 592,015 square feet (55,000 square meters) of woven polyester fabric (used every winter in Japan to protect trees from frost and heavy snow) and 14.3 miles (23 kilometres) of rope. The wrapping was completed on November 22.'

'The branches of the Wrapped Trees pushed the translucent fabric outward and created dynamic volumes of light and shadow and moving in the wind with new forms and surfaces shaped by the ropes on the fabric.'

Thorbjorn Andersson + Sweco Architects: Novartis Physic Garden


'Having arrived at the centre, a sunken planting bed opens up, containing 31 species of pharmaceutical plants organised in a striped pattern. The slightly sunkenness of the basin adds to the preciousness of the plants, and placed inside the frame of a low granite wall, these fragile specimens become untouchable. They are viewed from slightly above, and we can read the flower bed as a colourful and textured painting or a striped carpet. Bridges of light construction, without railings, span the sunken bed, permitting the daring visitor a closer examination of the plants, each of which is labelled with an engraved bronze plaque mounted at the edge of the bed.'

Way of observing the plants without damaging them.

Arrangement is similar to Plot E- Linear.


KTGY: re-habit


'international firm KTGY architecture + planning proposes re-habit, a plan to convert vacant, big box stores into smaller retail spaces and units to provide housing, employment, and support for homeless individuals. developed by the firm’s research + development studio, the project brings together two ongoing issues in the US, the homelessness crisis and the record number of closing big box stores, such as macy’s JC penney, and sears, repurposing those into self-supporting, mixed-use transitional housing.'

‘living without a home not only endangers individuals’ health and safety, but is also a significant barrier to obtaining and keeping a means of employment,’ notes the studio, ‘shelter is a necessity for all, and providing housing is one way to ease suffering and support individuals seeking to break a cycle of poverty.’ the re-habit project features a mixed-use program that combines self improvement and recreational facilities with housing. four types of sleeping accommodation give residents the option to choose between a 20-bed pod, 12-bed pod, a 2-bed room, and eight individual apartment units.'

Change Please

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Charity trains the homeless to become baristas in order to sell coffee to the general public. Raises money to combat homelessness. 

herzog + de meuron: 56 Leonard 'jenga tower' New York


Cantilever. Stacked. Stable yet displaced. Playful.

Milo Ayden De Luca - Excrescent Utopia



'Excrescent Utopia is a conceptual parasite dwelling providing a new generation of homeless citizens temporary shelter through the occupation of the urban fabric's invisible spaces, proposing a new identity and raising awareness of society's neglect.'

Provides protection. Allows for normal street-life to continue without interference. Could be made from basic material such as wood and aluminium.



James Furzer Sleeping pods


'Architectural designer James Furzer has developed a modular homeless shelter that would hang off the sides of existing buildings, and launched a campaign on crowdfunding platform Indiegogo to finance a prototype.

Called Homes for the Homeless, the project was devised by Furzer – an architectural technician for British firm Spatial Design Architects – to provide temporary shelter for some of the approximately 750 people who sleep on London's streets every night.

The lightweight pods, each featuring a timber sleeping platform and fold-down seating, would be affixed to the external walls of existing buildings in the UK capital to create a series of overnight refuges.'

Asif Khan: Forests

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Left: Asif Khan, Right: My own installation.

Spaces encouraging people to 'cross paths'.

'The rooms have been filled with plants specially picked out by horticulturalist Jin Ahn. Visitors are encouraged to take away plants, and can also donate plants that they cannot look after anymore' - Sustainable, community participation.


SO-IL and Ana Prvacki Air Filtering Costumes


Chicago Biennial Musical Performance 2017

Air-filtering material.

Costumes tailored to suit the action of the musician wearing it.

Complex yet simple structure.

"Inspired by the abundant plant life in the Garfield Park Conservatory, SO-IL and Prvački have created an ensemble of air-filtering mesh enclosures, designed to clean the air through breathing," said a statement from SO-IL.

Streets Kitchen

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'Streets kitchen was born in a squat five years ago. It began with the intention to collate a directory of homelessness services within the UK, and grew into a service that unites people who want to help, with people who need help. It is a life-saving service that supports and stands in solidarity with those living on the streets, providing not only hot meals and essential supplies but establishing a sense of community on its outreaches and solidarity centres. It is organised and run by volunteers, many of whom have been homeless and used a Streets Kitchen service themselves. To have food is a basic human right, and Streets Kitchen fulfils that right.'

We aim to create one central resource to provide up-to-date, useful information that anyone who is hungry, needing some advice or anything that might help their situation can access.'

Global Clinic 2018



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Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners. BuroHappold. ChapmanBDSP. Doctors of the World.

'Frustrated by the options available for offering treatment in the field, Doctors of the World worked with architects and engineers to produce a clinic building that is flexible yet robust, easy to transport and build, and which can be adapted according to the local climate and infrastructure.'

'designed to be constructed in one day by doctors and nurses in the field using only a mallet. The structure is made from recyclable plywood and is adaptable to the local climate and conditions.' 


Kisho Kurokawa: Nakagin Capsule Tower, Tokyo, Japan, 1972

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Prefabricated pods delivered to site by truck.

Hoisted by crane.

Peter Cook 'Plug-In City'

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Modular Units.

'Units 'plug-in' to a central infrastructural mega machine'

'An evolving megastructure that encorporates residences, transportation and other essential services- all movable by giant cranes'


Fernando Abellanas Secret Studio


'The parasitic structure makes use of a pair of concrete beams beneath the bridge deck as the runners for a set of wheels that allow the studio to be moved using a hand crank.

The metal and wood structure can be rolled along the beams to join a column, which is fitted with wooden shelves, a tabletop and a plastic chair, or towards the top of a bank that allows Abellanas to access the space.

The studio is designed as an urban cabin, offering retreat from the bustle of the city while being directly below a busy road.

The shelving offers a workspace but also stores bedding and a lamp, allowing habitation at night.'

"These are locations that due to their architecture, location or size have become useless. People hardly notice when walking by." - Fernando Abellanas. Making the inhabitable habitable.

Framlab - Parasitic Hexagonal Pods for the Homeless

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'As available land is limited and expensive, Framlab's proposal makes use of the "vertical lots" formed by building walls to create temporary shelters.

The scheme imagines the construction of scaffolding onto windowless facades across the city, and slotting the hexagon-shaped modules inside.'


'Framlab's prefabricated units, however, would comprise outer aluminium shells intended to withstand harsh weather, which would encase inner 3D-printed wall structures made from recycled polycarbonate.

Smart-glass windows fitted in the front of the units would offer views for residents. They could also be used to display artwork or advertisements to spruce up the empty walls.'

Dealing with the housing crisis. Sustainable materials. 



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